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Are airsoft shotguns spring-powered, gas-powered, or electric-powered?

Are airsoft shotguns spring-powered, gas-powered, or electric-powered?

Airsoft shotguns can be found in various power configurations, including spring-powered, gas-powered, and electric-powered. Each type has its own set of characteristics and advantages. Here's a brief overview of each:

Spring-Powered Airsoft Shotguns:

  • Operation: Spring-powered airsoft shotguns use a manual pump or bolt action to cock a spring, compressing air and preparing the gun for firing.
  • Firing: When the trigger is pulled, the spring releases, propelling a burst of air that forces the BBs out of the airsoft shotgun’s barrel.
  • Advantages: Simple, reliable, and often more affordable. Well-suited for beginners.

Gas-Powered Airsoft Shotguns:

  • Operation: Gas-powered airsoft shotguns use compressed gas, such as green gas or CO2, to propel the BBs.
  • Firing: Pulling the trigger releases the stored gas, pushing the BBs out of the barrel. Some gas airsoft shotguns feature a realistic blowback action.
  • Advantages: Realistic operation, semi-automatic or automatic firing modes, and potentially higher power compared to spring-powered shotguns.

Electric-Powered Airsoft Shotguns (AEGs):

  • Operation: Electric-powered airsoft shotguns, or AEG shotguns, use an electric motor to power a gearbox and piston system.
  • Firing: When the trigger is pulled, the electric motor activates the gearbox, compressing air to propel the BBs. AEG shotguns can be semi-automatic or automatic.
  • Advantages: Higher rate of fire, consistent performance, and often more customizable than spring-powered airsoft shotguns.


Each type of airsoft shotgun has its own set of pros and cons, and the choice between them depends on personal preferences, playing style, and desired features. Some players may prefer the simplicity and reliability of spring-powered airsoft shotguns, while others may opt for the realism and convenience of gas or electric-powered models.

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