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What is the effective range of an airsoft shotgun?

What is the effective range of an airsoft shotgun?

The effective range of an airsoft shotgun can vary depending on factors such as the firing mechanism used by the airsoft shotgun (spring-powered, gas-powered, or electric-powered), the quality and design of the airsoft gun, and the type of BBs being used. Generally, airsoft shotguns have a more limited effective range compared to rifles due to their spread pattern and design.

Spring-Powered Airsoft Shotguns:

  • Spring-powered airsoft shotguns typically have a shorter effective range compared to other types. The spread of BBs and the lower muzzle velocity contribute to a more limited engagement distance.
  • Effective range: Around 50 to 100 feet (15 to 30 meters) depending on the specific model and setup

Gas-Powered Airsoft Shotguns:

  • Gas-powered airsoft shotguns may have a slightly longer effective range compared to spring-powered ones. The gas can provide more consistent power for the BBs.
  • Effective range: Approximately 75 to 125 feet (23 to 38 meters) depending on factors like gas efficiency and barrel length.

Electric-Powered Airsoft Shotguns (AEGs):

  • Electric-powered(AEG) airsoft shotguns can offer a more consistent and slightly longer effective range compared to spring-powered shotguns. The ability to have semi-automatic or automatic firing modes can impact engagement distances.
  • Effective range: Around 100 to 150 feet (30 to 45 meters) depending on factors like hop-up adjustment and barrel length.


It's important to note that the effective range is not only influenced by the gun itself but also by external factors such as wind, BB weight, and the accuracy of the hop-up system. Additionally, while shotguns may have limitations in long-range accuracy, they excel in close-quarters scenarios and are often favored for CQB (Close Quarters Battle) environments where engagement distances are shorter. Players should adjust their tactics and play style based on the capabilities of their chosen airsoft shotgun. If you’re curious about the variables affecting the range of your airsoft gun we’d recommond taking a look at our article, “How far can an airsoft gun shoot straight?”.

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